Bodybuilding Injuries

 

 

 

Bodybuilders from the 70s and 80s like Arnold Schwarzenegger and Rachel McLish were instrumental in making bodybuilding what it is today. Although there are thousands of male and female, professional and amateur bodybuilding competitions around the world each year; thousands of athletes that utilize bodybuilding techniques to condition their bodies for their primary sport; and millions of recreational bodybuilders hitting their local gym equipment daily, some sports agencies still fail to accept bodybuilding as a sport. Whether considered a sport or not, bodybuilding is a physical endeavor that can produce a number of injuries.

What Exactly Is Bodybuilding?

It’s important to realize what bodybuilding entails to best understand the injuries it can produce. Competitive-level bodybuilding shouldn’t be confused with strongman or lifting competitions, as bodybuilding doesn’t involve agility or physical strength. The specific aspects and categories of bodybuilding competitions may vary slightly, but the overall premise is the size, balance, and conditioning of muscle mass. These are also the focal points of most non-professional bodybuilders. The posing that shows off these muscular features is also highly important in competitive bodybuilding.

Most bodybuilders use what’s called cutting and bulking. The bulking phase occurs throughout most of the year. It involves full-body muscle gains and sculpture through weight training, nutrition, and dietary supplements. There are a variety of weight training techniques used by bodybuilders. Some bodybuilders use moderate weights and continue repetitions until muscle failure occurs. Other bodybuilders prefer a limited number of repetitions and sets using heavy weights. Whatever training tactic is being used, bodybuilders usually spend countless hours each day in the gym. The cutting phase generally starts around 12 weeks before a competition and involves rapidly decreasing body fat through calorie restrictions and aerobic exercise.

Most bodybuilding injuries occur during weight training. Common causative factors include:

* overtraining
* improper techniques
* using more weight than can be handled or controlled safely
* having an incompetent spotter
* inadequate stretching
* not balancing nutrition and rest with workouts
* ignoring minor injuries

What Are Some Common Bodybuilding Injuries?

Shoulder Dislocation

The most mobile joint in the body is the shoulder joint, making it an area highly prone to a number of injuries. The scapula (socket) and the humerus (ball) are the bones making up the shoulder. The joint is supported by a surrounding joint capsule made up of ligaments. The rotator cuff is a combination of four muscles and tendons covering the joint capsule. Any of these structures can be injured during weightlifting.

One common shoulder injury among bodybuilders is a shoulder dislocation. This injury occurs when the humerus bone separates from the scapula bone within the shoulder joint as the shoulder either slips too far forward, backward, or downward. The most common slippage is in the forward direction. The humerus may partially separate from the socket, which is called a partial subluxation, or completely come out of the socket.

Symptoms of a dislocated shoulder include:

* pain and tenderness around the shoulder joint
* localized swelling, heat, and redness
* significant to complete loss of shoulder mobility
* the muscles surrounding the joint may spasm

Shoulder dislocations shouldn’t be confused with shoulder separations, which involve a different joint called the acromioclavicular (AC) joint.

Weight Lifter’s Back: Lumbar Strains And Sprains

The lumbar area is located across the lower back. It’s an area commonly injured during pushing and pulling activities, such as those involved in a bodybuilder’s weightlifting training. A lumbar strain is when one or more of the extensor, flexor, or oblique muscles become stretched or torn. Strains may also involve the tendons associated with any of the lumbar muscles. Alternatively, a lumbar sprain is when the ligaments in the lumbar area become stretched or torn. The tearing and/or stretching may be the result of picking up a weight too heavy for the muscles, tendons, or ligaments to withstand -or- from degeneration caused by repetitive usage of the structure. Both strains and sprains are graded based on the degree of injury to the tissue fibers:

Grade I - stretching or microscopic tearing of the affected fibers.
Grade II - less than 90% of the affected fibers are torn.
Grade III - 90% or more of the affected fibers are torn.

The neck muscles, pectoralis, hamstrings, biceps, triceps, and deltoids are other commonly strained areas in bodybuilding. The knees and elbows are some other commonly sprained areas.

Tendinitis

From the forearms to the feet, tendinitis is a common injury in bodybuilding due to the various planes of motion bodybuilders take their various body parts through on a daily basis. Tendons are tough, flexible bands of fibrous tissue that connect the skeletal muscles in the body to their corresponding bones. As a muscle contracts, it causes the tendon connected to it to glide. In turn, the tendon pulls upon the bone connected to its opposite end. This chain is what creates a movement. Tendinitis most often occurs when a tendon is irritated from overuse or repetitive use. This causes the tendon to become inflamed. Movement of the connected muscle becomes painful and there may be localized tenderness and visible swelling over the affected tendon.

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Acute Sinew Liniment

Acute Stage Treatment: Rub on the injured area when swelling and/or inflammation are present.

Quickly relieves pain, reduces swelling and inflammation, and breaks up clotted blood and stagnant fluids in the injured area. Stimulates circulation of blood and fluids to help cells quickly repair damaged tissues, providing rapid pain relief and faster healing. Sinew Herbal Ice can be used in-between applications.
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Our price: $39.95
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Chronic Sinew Liniment

Chronic Stage Treatment: Rub on the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather.

Strongly stimulates circulation to damaged tissues and promotes the healing of overstretched tendons, ligaments and muscles, thereby quickly relieving pain, stiffness and weakness. Sinew Injury Poultice, Sinew Relaxing Soak, and the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Sinew Herbal Ice

Acute Stage Treatment: Apply on the injured area when swelling and/or inflammation are present.

This first-aid ice alternative poultice (balm) is used in place of ice to significantly speed up the recovery and healing process. Reduces redness, swelling, and inflammation while dispersing accumulated blood and fluids to help restore normal circulation to the injured area. It reduces the swelling and inflammation more effectively than ice, allowing you to more quickly regain normal range of motion. Acute Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.
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Our price: $34.95
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Sinew Injury Poultice

Chronic Stage Treatment: Apply on the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather.

This poultice (balm) is particularly useful if your injured area is more painful in cold and damp weather. It significantly stimulates circulation to damaged tissues and further promotes the healing of overstretched tendons, ligaments and muscles. Chronic Sinew Liniment, Sinew Relaxing Soak and the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Our price: $37.95
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Sinew Relaxing Soak

Chronic Stage Treatment: Used to soak the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather. If the injured area is too large or in an area that can’t be submerged in a pot of water, you can also saturate a towel in the liquid and apply it to the injured area.

This soak is particularly useful if you feel restricted mobility in your injured area. It is used to relax muscles, tendons and ligaments that are in spasm to reduce pain and stiffness and improve range of motion. Chronic Sinew Liniment, Sinew Injury Poultice and the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Sinew Sports Massage Oil

This specially formulated massage oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It penetrates deep into muscle layers to warm and stimulate muscles, increase circulation and relieve tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.
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Our price: $29.95
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Sinew Warming Soak

Chronic Stage Treatment: Used to soak the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather. If the injured area is too large or in an area that can’t be submerged in a pot of water, you can also saturate a towel in the liquid and apply it to the injured area.

This soak is particularly useful if your injured area is more painful and sensitive to cold or hurts more in cold weather. It is used to bring warmth into the injured area to drive coldness out of damaged tissues and increase local circulation, thereby relieving pain and stiffness in cold weather. Chronic Sinew Liniment, Sinew Injury Poultice and the Sinew Relaxing Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Our price: $23.95
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