Dislocations Information

Dislocations Information

A dislocation is a type of joint injury where the end of the affected bone is forced from it’s natural position. While the hips, elbows, knees, ankles, fingers and toes are all subject to dislocation, the shoulder is the most commonly dislocated limb joint.

 

 

Dislocations

Anatomy of Joint Dislocations

Joints are basically the junction where two bones meet. A dislocation happens when there is a separation of the two bones where they meet at their connecting joint. The bone no longer naturally rests in its normal position and the joint is no longer able to be moved. There is often difficulty initially distinguishing between a broken bone and a dislocation. The displacement may also damage nearby ligaments, blood vessels, and nerves.

For an example, the shoulder joint is where the humerus (arm bone), scapula (shoulder blade), and the clavicle (collarbone) come together. A shoulder dislocation would involve the humerus loosing contact with the scapula when the glenohumeral joint is injured. This is an amazing ball-and-socket joint, as it allows shoulder movement in an arc of motion. However, the wide range of motion is also the downfall of the joint. The range makes it less stable than other joints, and therefore it’s more prone to dislocation.

Joint Dislocation Causes

No matter what joint or bone is involved, dislocations are usually the result of a sudden blunt trauma to the joint, usually from being struck during a fall, sports activity, vehicle accident, or other forceful trauma.

However, there are certain medical conditions where joint dislocations are spontaneous, meaning trauma isn’t the root cause. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, a group of inherited connective tissue disorders involving a defect in the synthesis of collagen, and congenital hip dysplasia, a misalignment or deformity of the hip joint, are examples of conditions where the joint dislocation isn’t related to trauma.

Symptoms Of Joint Dislocations

* Marked visibility that the joint isn’t in a normal position or is misshapen and discolored
* Swelling of the affected joint
* Bruising near the affected joint
* Limited range of motion or immobility of the affected joint
* Sudden and intense pain (especially when the joint is attempted to be used or weight is placed on it)
* Possible tingling or numbness at or past the joint
* There may also be symptoms of arterial or nerve injury in rare occasions (especially if the bone was attempted to be forced back into place by someone unqualified to do so)
* Nearby muscles may spasm and intensify the pain

 

Strengthening Exercises

These Dislocaton Exercises are ideal to build strength and flexibility.

Massage Treatment

To bring circulation into the area of injury, you’ll need to massage the affected area frequently.

 

ACUTE STAGE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

 

This stage is characterized by swelling, redness, pain, and possibly a local sensation of heat, indicating inflammation. If coolness makes your pain feel better, then the Acute Stage Treatment is recommended.

 

ACUTE STAGE SYMPTOMS:

 

The acute stage starts the moment an injury occurs and lasts until the swelling and inflammation are gone. The swelling is the result of the blockage of blood, tissue fluids and circulation in the injured area because their normal movement has been disrupted by the force of the injury. Just like cars back up behind a traffic jam, causing congestion, exhaust and overheating; blood and fluids back up behind the injured area, causing pain, inflammation, lumps and swelling.

The sensation of heat is due to the warming action of the blood and fluids overheating in the injured area as they back up and accumulate. Stiffness and decreased mobility are due to spasms in tendons and ligaments that have contracted reflexively beyond their normal range from the impact of the injury.

As ligaments and tendons stretch and tear, blood from ruptured blood vessels becomes trapped in the local tissues. As the trapped blood clots up, it sticks the tissues together creating adhesions. Adhesions cause pain, inflammation and restricted movement because the layers of tissue that used to slide smoothly across one another now adhere and snap which interferes with normal functioning. It is essential to break up clotted blood as quickly as possible to prevent adhesions and scar tissue from forming.

During the acute stage it is very important to restore normal circulation to the injured area, break up clotted blood and stagnant fluids, reduce swelling, and reduce the redness and heat associated with inflammation. By restoring the flow of blood, fluids, and circulation in the injured area, then pain is relieved, damaged tissues can regenerate with healthy functional tissue, and the injured area can strengthen and regain it's mobility.

 

ACUTE STAGE TREATMENT:

 

1. Apply the Sinew Herbal Ice on your injured area to reduce redness, swelling, and inflammation while dispersing accumulated blood and fluids to help restore normal circulation to the injured area. This first-aid treatment is used in place of ice to significantly speed up the healing process. It reduces the swelling and inflammation more effectively than ice, allowing you to more quickly regain range of motion. Acute Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.

Ice is not recommended because it does not help repair damaged tissues and keeps everything in the injured area frozen, causing the stagnation of blood and fluids and the contraction of muscles, tendons and ligaments. In Chinese sports medicine ice is not used and is considered a culprit in injuries that donít heal well.

2. Massage your injured area with Acute Sinew Liniment to relieve pain, reduce swelling and inflammation, break up clotted blood and stagnant fluids, and stimulate circulation of blood and fluids to help cells quickly repair damaged tissues. Sinew Herbal Ice can be used in-between applications.

3. The Sinew Sports Massage Oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It warms and stimulates your muscles, increases circulation and relieves tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.

 

 

CHRONIC STAGE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

 

This stage begins once the swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness, and/or sensitivity in cold and damp weather. If heat makes your pain feel better, then the Chronic Stage Treatment is recommended.


CHRONIC STAGE SYMPTOMS:

 

The chronic stage begins once the swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel aching pain and stiffness. This is because there are still accumulations of stagnant blood and fluids in the injured area that are blocking circulation and blood supply to damaged tissues, creating residual pain, stiffness and weakness. You may actually feel hard nodules like sand in the tissue, indicating accumulation, calcification, and adhesions, which all cause pain, stiffness, and joint instability.

Your injured area may feel more sensitive to the cold and ache in cold and damp weather due to impaired circulation. When you move your injured area you may hear a clicking or popping sound from the tendons and ligaments slipping very slightly in and out of their natural alignment indicating weakness and joint instability, causing chronic pain and a cycle of reinjury. These symptoms are often the result of failure to treat the injury properly from the outset and overicing.

Increasing circulation and blood supply to the damaged tissues is very important in treating chronic injuries because tendons and ligaments do not have an extensive direct supply of blood. That is why chronic injuries can be slow to heal. Increasing local circulation also prevents cold and dampness from penetrating the injured area, preventing pain and stiffness.

During the chronic stage it is very important to break up remaining accumulations of blood and fluids, and increase circulation and blood supply to the damaged tissues. By increasing circulation and blood flow in the injured area, then pain and stiffness is relieved, and the tendons and ligaments can strengthen to restore stability.


CHRONIC STAGE TREATMENT:

 

1. Massage your injured area with Chronic Sinew Liniment to relieve pain and stiffness, strongly stimulate circulation and blood flow to damaged tissues, and promote the healing of overstretched tendons and ligaments. Sinew Injury Poultice can be used in-between applications.

2. Apply the Sinew Injury Poultice on your injured area to relieve residual pain and stiffness, significantly stimulate circulation and blood flow to damaged tissues, and further promote the healing of overstretched tendons and ligaments. The Sinew Injury Poultice is particularly useful if your injured area is more painful in cold and damp weather. Chronic Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.

3. The Sinew Sports Massage Oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It warms and stimulates your muscles, increases circulation and relieves tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.