Handball Injuries

 

 

 

American handball is sport much like squash or racquetball, but is played with the hands, not a racquet. It shouldn’t be confused with European handball, which is a soccer-like team sport. American handball is both played in organized and league settings -and- recreational settings like street handball courts and fitness centers. One element that contributes to its growing popularity is that American handball requires little equipment - at least one wall; a rubber ball; and, if playing in an organized setting, safety glasses and protective gloves. However, like all sports, handball has a risk of injury.

What Are Some Common Handball Injuries?

Sprained Finger

There are three bones (phalanges) in each finger and two bones in each thumb. Each pairing of phalanges are separated by an interphalangeal joint. Strong bands of soft tissue, called collateral ligaments, run along side each of the joints. These ligaments are what hold the finger joints in place and connect one finger bone to another. When one or more of these collateral ligaments are abnormally stretched or torn, it’s called a sprained finger. In American handball, finger sprains are usually the result of the ball nipping the tip of a finger and bending it backwards, thereby stretching/tearing the ligament along the side of the affected finger’s joint. However, finger sprains can also during other events, such as when a finger is jammed into another player or struck on the wall or ground after a player looses his/her balance. Like all sprains, finger sprains are graded based on the degree of injury to the ligament:

Grade 1 - stretching or microscopic tearing of one or more of the collateral ligaments. The finger may be sore, but it usually retains normal functioning.

Grade 2 - moderate tearing of one or more of the collateral ligaments. The finger may be swollen, painful, tender, red, warm, bruised, and suffer some loss of functioning and flexibility.

Grade 3 - significant tearing of one or more of the collateral ligaments. This grade is commonly associated with finger dislocations and fractures. The affected finger may be swollen, painful, tender, red, warm, bruised, and suffer significant to complete loss of functioning and flexibility.

Ankle Sprains

Some studies have suggested that ankle sprains account for at least 25% of all handball injuries. Since the sport requires sudden stops and starts; fast sprints; and sudden, frequent changes in directions, it’s easy to see how the ankle is a high-risk injury site in handball.

The ankle joint is stabilized by several strong ligaments. The lateral side of the ankle is supported by the calcaneo-fibular ligament, anterior talo-fibular ligament, and posterior talo-fibular ligament. Whereas, the medial side of the ankle is supported by the deltoid ligament. Just above the ankle, the inferior tibio-fibular ligaments are connected to the tibia and fibula bones in the lower leg.

Twisting, turning, or rolling the ankle past its normal range of motion (inwardly or outwardly) can stretch or tear one of the above ligaments. An inversion sprain is the most common type of ankle sprain. It occurs when the ankle is twisted, turned, or rolled outwardly and the foot turns inwardly, thereby stretching or tearing one or more ligaments along the outside of the ankle. An eversion sprain occurs when the ankle is forced inwardly and the foot turns outward, thereby stretching or tearing one of the ligaments along the inside of the ankle. One last type of sprain is a high ankle sprain of the inferior tibio-fibular ligaments, which usually either follows the foot being forced upwardly or the lower leg being twisted while the foot is planted firmly on the ground.

Again, sprains are graded based on the degree of stretching or tearing to the ligament:

Grade 1 - stretching or microscopic tearing. The ankle remains stable and could be mildly painful, tender, and swollen.

Grade 2- moderate tearing. The ankle may feel slightly unstable, especially during standing, walking, or running. It could also be swollen, painful, tender, bruised, and warm.

Grade 3 - significant tearing, involving more than 90% of the ligament. The ankle will usually feel highly unstable. Ankle movement is usually extremely painful, if not impossible. It could also be significantly swollen, painful, tender, bruised, and warm.

Contusions

A contusion is another name for a bruise. It may describe a subcutaneous, muscle, bone, or internal organ bruise. In handball, most contusions are either subcutaneous or muscle bruises. The difference is how great the force was behind the object striking the skin. Contusions can occur from a ball striking the player, a player accidentally striking or running into another player, or a player falling on the ground. The force of the blunt force trauma damages small blood vessels around the subcutaneous and/or muscle tissue. As the blood begins to leak out and pool, the area may turn black-and-blue and become sore and painful.

Of course, these are just a few or the many injuries handball players are prone to suffering. Other injuries may include muscle strains, especially of the rotator cuff, groin, and lower legs; tendinitis; Achilles injuries; plantar fascia; lacerations; and cartilage injuries.

Products

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Acute Sinew Liniment

Acute Stage Treatment: Rub on the injured area when swelling and/or inflammation are present.

Quickly relieves pain, reduces swelling and inflammation, and breaks up clotted blood and stagnant fluids in the injured area. Stimulates circulation of blood and fluids to help cells quickly repair damaged tissues, providing rapid pain relief and faster healing. Sinew Herbal Ice can be used in-between applications.
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Chronic Sinew Liniment

Chronic Stage Treatment: Rub on the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather.

Strongly stimulates circulation to damaged tissues and promotes the healing of overstretched tendons, ligaments and muscles, thereby quickly relieving pain, stiffness and weakness. Sinew Injury Poultice, Sinew Relaxing Soak, and the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Sinew Herbal Ice

Acute Stage Treatment: Apply on the injured area when swelling and/or inflammation are present.

This first-aid ice alternative poultice (balm) is used in place of ice to significantly speed up the recovery and healing process. Reduces redness, swelling, and inflammation while dispersing accumulated blood and fluids to help restore normal circulation to the injured area. It reduces the swelling and inflammation more effectively than ice, allowing you to more quickly regain normal range of motion. Acute Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.
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Sinew Injury Poultice

Chronic Stage Treatment: Apply on the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather.

This poultice (balm) is particularly useful if your injured area is more painful in cold and damp weather. It significantly stimulates circulation to damaged tissues and further promotes the healing of overstretched tendons, ligaments and muscles. Chronic Sinew Liniment, Sinew Relaxing Soak and the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Our price: $37.95
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Sinew Relaxing Soak

Chronic Stage Treatment: Used to soak the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather. If the injured area is too large or in an area that can’t be submerged in a pot of water, you can also saturate a towel in the liquid and apply it to the injured area.

This soak is particularly useful if you feel restricted mobility in your injured area. It is used to relax muscles, tendons and ligaments that are in spasm to reduce pain and stiffness and improve range of motion. Chronic Sinew Liniment, Sinew Injury Poultice and the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Sinew Sports Massage Oil

This specially formulated massage oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It penetrates deep into muscle layers to warm and stimulate muscles, increase circulation and relieve tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.
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Sinew Warming Soak

Chronic Stage Treatment: Used to soak the injured area when swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness or sensitivity in cold and damp weather. If the injured area is too large or in an area that can’t be submerged in a pot of water, you can also saturate a towel in the liquid and apply it to the injured area.

This soak is particularly useful if your injured area is more painful and sensitive to cold or hurts more in cold weather. It is used to bring warmth into the injured area to drive coldness out of damaged tissues and increase local circulation, thereby relieving pain and stiffness in cold weather. Chronic Sinew Liniment, Sinew Injury Poultice and the Sinew Relaxing Soak can be used in-between applications.
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Our price: $23.95
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