Housemaids Knee Prepatellar Bursitis Information

Housemaids Knee Prepatellar Bursitis Information

Prepatellar Bursitis is commonly called housemaid's knee. This type of bursitis is a common cause of swelling and pain above the kneecap. It’s due to inflammation of the prepatellar bursa. Housemaids knee is different from preacher’s knee, as preacher’s knee is bursitis of the infrapatellar bursa just under the kneecap.

 

Anatomy As It Relates To Prepatellar Bursitis

Most knees will have 15 bursae located around the knee joint. Each of these fluid-filled sacs act like shock absorbers to protect nearby joints, tendons, and bones from undergoing too much friction. They help to allow soft tissue like tendons and ligaments to slide over bone. The prepatellar bursa is located in front of the kneecap.

What Is Prepatellar Bursitis?

When the prepatellar bursa becomes inflamed, it’s termed prepatellar bursitis. Of all the knee bursae, the prepatellar bursa are the most often affected by bursitis.

What Causes Prepatellar Bursitis?

The term housemaid’s knee originated because this injury was commonly associated with the constant stress applied to the front of the knee from cleaning floors on the hands and knees. Housemaid’s knee has since been referred to as roofer's knee, wrestler’s knee, and carpet layer's knee because these too involve a constant stress applied to the front of the knee.

Today, there are actually many known causative factors, most of which are divided into aseptic prepatellar bursitis and septic prepatellar bursitis. The septic type of prepatellar bursitis occurs substantially less often. It’s caused by a bacterial infection from a superficial knee injury and will most often be seen in those with a compromised immune system and in young children. Aseptic prepatellar bursitis is any case that isn’t the result of an infection. Examples of aseptic prepatellar bursitis would include any of the following causes:

* falling on the front of the knee or a direct blow to the front of the knee can rupture blood vessels; the blood seeps into the bursa and causes swelling
* pressure and friction placed on the knee from repetitive kneeling
* overuse of the knee
* strain injury
* crystals being deposited from gout
* joint swelling from inflammatory arthritis

What Are The Symptoms Of Prepatellar Bursitis?

* pain and tenderness around the front of the kneecap
* superficial swelling around the front of the kneecap
* the front of the knee may be red and warm to the touch
* may experience difficulty kneeling or flexing the knee
* a fluid filled lump may be visible on the front of the kneecap
* knee stiffness may be present
* septic bursitis often involves fever and localized heat, redness, pain, and swelling

 

Strengthening Exercises

These Housemaid's Knee - Prepatellar Bursitis Exercises are ideal to build strength and flexibility.

Massage Treatment

These Housemaid's Knee - Prepatellar Bursitis Massage Techniques are of great value in pain relief; circulation stimulation; dispersing blood and fluid accumulations; swelling reduction; and relaxing muscle spasms, especially when used alongside the Sinew Therapeutics liniments and soaks.

 

ACUTE STAGE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT


When there is swelling and inflammation in your knee.

 

ACUTE STAGE SYMPTOMS:

 

The acute stage starts the moment an injury occurs and lasts until the swelling and inflammation are gone. The swelling is the result of the blockage of blood, tissue fluids and circulation in the knee because their normal movement has been disrupted by the force of the injury. Just like cars back up behind a traffic jam, causing congestion, exhaust and overheating; blood and fluids back up behind the injured knee, causing pain, inflammation, lumps and swelling.

The sensation of heat is due to the warming action of the blood and fluids overheating in the injured knee as they back up and accumulate. Stiffness and decreased mobility are due to spasms in tendons and ligaments that have contracted reflexively beyond their normal range from the impact of the injury.

As ligaments and tendons stretch and tear, blood from ruptured blood vessels becomes trapped in the local tissues. As the trapped blood clots up, it sticks the tissues together creating adhesions. Adhesions cause pain, inflammation and restricted movement because the layers of tissue that used to slide smoothly across one another now adhere and snap which interferes with normal functioning. It is essential to break up clotted blood as quickly as possible to prevent adhesions and scar tissue from forming.

During the acute stage it is very important to restore normal circulation to the knee, break up clotted blood and stagnant fluids, reduce swelling, and reduce the redness and heat associated with inflammation. By restoring the flow of blood, fluids, and circulation in the knee, then pain is relieved, damaged tissues can regenerate with healthy functional tissue, and the knee can strengthen and regain it's mobility.

 

ACUTE STAGE TREATMENT:

 

1. Apply the Sinew Herbal Ice on your knee to reduce redness, swelling, and inflammation while dispersing accumulated blood and fluids to help restore normal circulation to the knee. This first-aid treatment is used in place of ice to significantly speed up the healing process. It reduces the swelling and inflammation more effectively than ice, allowing you to more quickly regain range of motion. Acute Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.

Ice is not recommended because it does not help repair damaged tissues and keeps everything in the injured area frozen, causing the stagnation of blood and fluids and the contraction of muscles, tendons and ligaments. In Chinese sports medicine ice is not used and is considered a culprit in injuries that donít heal well.

2. Massage your knee with Acute Sinew Liniment to relieve pain, reduce swelling and inflammation, break up clotted blood and stagnant fluids, and stimulate circulation of blood and fluids to help cells quickly repair damaged tissues. Sinew Herbal Ice can be used in-between applications.

 

 

CHRONIC STAGE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT


When there is NO swelling and inflammation in your knee.


CHRONIC STAGE SYMPTOMS:

 

The chronic stage begins once the swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel aching pain and stiffness. This is because there are still accumulations of stagnant blood and fluids in the knee that are blocking circulation and blood supply to damaged tissues, creating residual pain, stiffness and weakness. You may actually feel hard nodules like sand in the tissue, indicating accumulation, calcification, and adhesions, which all cause pain, stiffness, and joint instability.

Your knee may feel more sensitive to the cold and ache in cold and damp weather due to impaired circulation. When you move your knee you may hear a clicking or popping sound from the tendons and ligaments slipping very slightly in and out of their natural alignment indicating weakness and joint instability, causing chronic pain and a cycle of reinjury. These symptoms are often the result of failure to treat the injury properly from the outset and overicing.

Increasing circulation and blood supply to the damaged tissues is very important in treating chronic injuries because tendons and ligaments do not have an extensive direct supply of blood. That is why chronic injuries can be slow to heal. Increasing local circulation also prevents cold and dampness from penetrating the injured area, preventing pain and stiffness.

During the chronic stage it is very important to break up remaining accumulations of blood and fluids, and increase circulation and blood supply to the damaged tissues. By increasing circulation and blood flow in the knee, then pain and stiffness is relieved, and the tendons and ligaments can strengthen to restore stability.


CHRONIC STAGE TREATMENT:

 

1. Massage your knee with Chronic Sinew Liniment to relieve pain and stiffness, strongly stimulate circulation and blood flow to damaged tissues, and promote the healing of overstretched tendons and ligaments. Sinew Injury Poultice and/or the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.

2. Apply the Sinew Injury Poultice on your knee to relieve residual pain and stiffness, significantly stimulate circulation and blood flow to damaged tissues, and further promote the healing of overstretched tendons and ligaments. The Sinew Injury Poultice is particularly useful if your knee is more painful in cold and damp weather. Chronic Sinew Liniment and/or the Sinew Warming Soak can be used in-between applications.

3. Soak your knee with the Sinew Warming Soak to ease joint pain, increase range of motion, and strongly increase local circulation to drive coldness and dampness out of damaged tissues. The Sinew Warming Soak is particularly useful if your knee is more painful and sensitive to cold or hurts more in cold weather. The soak can be used by saturating a towel in the liquid and applying it to your knee. Chronic Sinew Liniment and/or the Sinew Injury Poultice can be used in-between applications.

4. The Sinew Sports Massage Oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It warms and stimulates your muscles, increases circulation and relieves tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.