Rectus Femoris Rupture Information

Rectus Femoris Rupture Information

A rectus femoris rupture is most often seen in professional sports that involve frequent running and jumping activities. It may occasionally occur in those over forty-years-old, especially men, with degenerative changes to the quadriceps.

 

 

 

Rectus Femoris Rupture


Anatomy Of The Rectus Femoris

The quadriceps is the large muscle group on the front of the thigh. It’s actually composed of four main muscles, one of which is the rectus femoris. Unlike the other quadriceps muscles, the rectus femoris originates from the anterior inferior iliac spine. Like the other quadriceps muscles, it inserts into the quadriceps tendon. In other words, the rectus femoris passes over two joints - the hip and knee joint. This anatomical positioning makes the rectus femoris highly susceptible to injury. The muscle plays an important role in both hip flexion and knee extension.

What Is A Rectus Femoris Rupture?

The rectus femoris muscle and its tendons can be overstretched or torn, an injury medically referred to as a strain. Strains are graded by the degree of damage caused to muscle and/or tendon. A grade three is the most severe grade of strain and involves severe tearing to complete tearing of the muscle fibers. The grade three strain may also include a partial rupture of the tendon to bone attachment or, more rarely, a complete rupture (avulsion) where the tendon is pulled completely away from the main bone its attached to. While the rupture may occur at either tendon attachment (hip or knee), the Rectus femoris rupture is most often seen at the hip (hip-flexor strain).

What Causes A Rectus Femoris Rupture?

When the rectus femoris muscle contracts too hard or too fast, it pulls on its end of the tendon violently. If this force is stronger than the tendon to bone attachment at the opposite end of the tendon, the rectus femoris tendon may pull away from its bone attatchment. Hip-flexor strains involving partial or complete rupturing of the rectus femoris are most often associated with sudden intense movements that make the rectus femoris violently contract, such as during sprinting, jumping, or kicking movements.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Rectus Femoris Rupture?

* a sudden and sharp pain near the front of the hip/groin area immediately following the injury
* localized swelling and tenderness
* possible bruising
* the area may be warm to the touch
* limited and painful range of motion
* probable inability to walk without an an assisting device
* a visible bulge is often seen with the muscle is contraction
* in cases of avulsion, immobility

 

Strengthening Exercises

These Quadriceps Exercises are ideal to build strength and flexibility.

Massage Treatment

These Quadriceps Massage Techniques are of great value in pain relief; circulation stimulation; dispersing blood and fluid accumulations; swelling reduction; and relaxing muscle spasms, especially when used alongside the Sinew Therapeutics liniments and soaks.

 

ACUTE STAGE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

 

This stage is characterized by swelling, redness, pain, and possibly a local sensation of heat, indicating inflammation. If coolness makes your pain feel better, then the Acute Stage Treatment is recommended.

 

ACUTE STAGE SYMPTOMS:

 

The acute stage starts the moment an injury occurs and lasts until the swelling and inflammation are gone. The swelling is the result of the blockage of blood, tissue fluids and circulation in the quadricep because their normal movement has been disrupted by the force of the injury. Just like cars back up behind a traffic jam, causing congestion, exhaust and overheating; blood and fluids back up behind the injured quadricep, causing pain, inflammation, lumps and swelling.

The sensation of heat is due to the warming action of the blood and fluids overheating in the injured quadricep as they back up and accumulate. Stiffness and decreased mobility are due to spasms in tendons and ligaments that have contracted reflexively beyond their normal range from the impact of the injury.

As ligaments and tendons stretch and tear, blood from ruptured blood vessels becomes trapped in the local tissues. As the trapped blood clots up, it sticks the tissues together creating adhesions. Adhesions cause pain, inflammation and restricted movement because the layers of tissue that used to slide smoothly across one another now adhere and snap which interferes with normal functioning. It is essential to break up clotted blood as quickly as possible to prevent adhesions and scar tissue from forming.

During the acute stage it is very important to restore normal circulation to the quadricep, break up clotted blood and stagnant fluids, reduce swelling, and reduce the redness and heat associated with inflammation. By restoring the flow of blood, fluids, and circulation in the quadricep, then pain is relieved, damaged tissues can regenerate with healthy functional tissue, and the quadricep can strengthen and regain it's mobility.

 

ACUTE STAGE TREATMENT:

 

1. Apply the Sinew Herbal Ice on your quadricep to reduce redness, swelling, and inflammation while dispersing accumulated blood and fluids to help restore normal circulation to the quadricep. This first-aid treatment is used in place of ice to significantly speed up the healing process. It reduces the swelling and inflammation more effectively than ice, allowing you to more quickly regain range of motion. Acute Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.

Ice is not recommended because it does not help repair damaged tissues and keeps everything in the injured area frozen, causing the stagnation of blood and fluids and the contraction of muscles, tendons and ligaments. In Chinese sports medicine ice is not used and is considered a culprit in injuries that donít heal well.

2. Massage your quadricep with Acute Sinew Liniment to relieve pain, reduce swelling and inflammation, break up clotted blood and stagnant fluids, and stimulate circulation of blood and fluids to help cells quickly repair damaged tissues. Sinew Herbal Ice can be used in-between applications.

3. The Sinew Sports Massage Oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It warms and stimulates your muscles, increases circulation and relieves tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.

 

 

CHRONIC STAGE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

 

This stage begins once the swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel pain, stiffness, weakness, and/or sensitivity in cold and damp weather. If heat makes your pain feel better, then the Chronic Stage Treatment is recommended.


CHRONIC STAGE SYMPTOMS:

 

The chronic stage begins once the swelling and inflammation are gone, but you still feel aching pain and stiffness. This is because there are still accumulations of stagnant blood and fluids in your quadricep that are blocking circulation and blood supply to damaged tissues, creating residual pain, stiffness and weakness. You may actually feel hard nodules like sand in the tissue, indicating accumulation, calcification, and adhesions, which all cause pain, stiffness, and joint instability.

Your quadricep may feel more sensitive to the cold and ache in cold and damp weather due to impaired circulation. When you move your quadricep you may hear a clicking or popping sound from the tendons and ligaments slipping very slightly in and out of their natural alignment indicating weakness and joint instability, causing chronic pain and a cycle of reinjury. These symptoms are often the result of failure to treat the injury properly from the outset and overicing.

Increasing circulation and blood supply to the damaged tissues is very important in treating chronic injuries because tendons and ligaments do not have an extensive direct supply of blood. That is why chronic injuries can be slow to heal. Increasing local circulation also prevents cold and dampness from penetrating the injured area, preventing pain and stiffness.

During the chronic stage it is very important to break up remaining accumulations of blood and fluids, and increase circulation and blood supply to the damaged tissues. By increasing circulation and blood flow in the quadricep, then pain and stiffness is relieved, and the tendons and ligaments can strengthen to restore stability.


CHRONIC STAGE TREATMENT:

 

1. Massage your quadricep with Chronic Sinew Liniment to relieve pain and stiffness, strongly stimulate circulation and blood flow to damaged tissues, and promote the healing of overstretched tendons and ligaments. The Sinew Relaxing Soak can be used in-between applications.

2. Soak your quadricep with the Sinew Relaxing Soak to relax muscles and tendons that are in spasm, ease joint pain and stiffness, and improve range of motion. The Sinew Relaxing Soak is particularly useful if you feel tightness in your quadricep. The soak can be used by saturating a towel in the liquid and applying it to your quadricep. Chronic Sinew Liniment can be used in-between applications.

3. The Sinew Sports Massage Oil is recommended for use before and after exercise, sports and strenuous activity. It warms and stimulates your muscles, increases circulation and relieves tightness, hence improving your performance and helping to prevent injury.